Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu Biography: Visionary Leader of Andhra

Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (23 August 1872 – 20 May 1957) was an Indian legal expert, political figure, social reformer, and anti-colonial nationalist. He held the position of chief minister in Madras Presidency and was the inaugural chief minister of Andhra State, formed by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines. Known as “Andhra Kesari” or “Lion of Andhra,” his birth anniversary is a State holiday per G.O RT-2500 issued by the Andhra Pradesh government in 2014.

Early Life

Born in Kanuparthi, Guntur district, Prakasam hailed from an agrarian family. His early education transpired in Kanuparthi and later, he excelled at Rajahmundry Municipal High School. Graduating in law from Madras Law College in 1895, he initiated a legal practice in Rajahmundry.

Political Career

Prakasam’s political journey commenced in 1903 with his entry into the Indian National Congress. He gained prominence, entering the Madras Legislative Council in 1916. A staunch advocate for independence, he actively participated in various movements including the Non-Cooperation and Quit India Movements.

Upon India’s independence in 1947, Prakasam became the chief minister of Madras Presidency, playing a pivotal role in the creation of Andhra State in 1953.


Prakasam’s legacy transcends time. A patriot, leader, and social reformer, he significantly contributed to India’s struggle for freedom and the betterment of the marginalized. His life serves as an inspiration, symbolizing the power of hard work and unwavering determination.


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