APJ Abdul Kalam Biography: The Missile Man of India

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, known as Dr. Kalam, was an Indian scientist and the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering.

For over 40 years, he worked as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He played a vital role in India’s space and missile programs, including launching the Rohini satellite in 1980 and the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998.

Dr. Kalam was elected President in 2002 and was known for his humble lifestyle and commitment to education and science. He authored several books and advocated for education, science, and technology.

His contributions include:

  1. Space and Missile Programs: He led India’s first satellite launch and contributed significantly to missile development, earning him the title “Missile Man of India.”
  2. Education: Dr. Kalam believed in the power of education and encouraged young people to pursue careers in science and technology.
  3. Science and Technology Policy: He shaped India’s science and tech policies, serving as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government and contributing to the Vision 2020 plan.
  4. Public Service: As President, he maintained a simple lifestyle and dedicated himself to serving India’s people.

Dr. Kalam’s legacy is one of inspiration, emphasizing dreams, determination, and a commitment to serving others. His quotes continue to motivate and inspire people worldwide.


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